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Declarada fiesta de interés de patrimonio nacional.

No podéis perderos La Festa Major de Sitges. Declarada fiesta de interés de patrimonio nacional. Los primeros documentos que tenemos de la Festa Major de Sitges datan de 1353.

Sitges tiene dos patrones; Sant Bartomeu (24 de agosto) y Santa Tecla (23 de septiembre). La fiesta más relevante es la que se celebra en agosto.

El “drac” y el águila son los símbolos de Sitges y tienen especial protagonismo en estas fiestas apareciendo en los bailes populares, salida de diablos,etc…

IMG_2682

Para estas fiestas se movilizan unos 800 ciudadanos del municipio. Entre ellos podemos encontrar a autoridades eclesiásticas, civiles, Bandera o pendón, “colles” como “gegants”, “castellers”, diablos, grupos de baile como cabezudos, bastones, gitanas de cercolets, de pastorets, de panderetas, de cintas, la moixiganga, los dos grupos de grallers míticos, grupo de tambores, bandas, orquestas…y músicos varios.

Sant Bartomeu

El pregón del 21 de agosto es el que nos introduce en la La Festa Major de Sitges de cada año.

 

Salida de grallers
Salida de grallers

El 23 de agosto la gente del pueblo espera con gran entusiasmo y mucha emoción en el Cap de la Vila la entrada de grallers de las diferentes compañías musicales, las cuales hacen gozar a cientos de personas que después de un gran desayuno llevan en la plaza esperando escuchar las canciones populares.

A la hora de comer, hay repique de campana de la parroquia y la gente baila las dos sardanas más importantes ( La processó de Sant Bartomeu y La Festa Major ).

Jefe de los diablos. Un mítico del pueblo, "Garsi"
Jefe de los diablos. Un mítico del pueblo, «Garsi»

 

Seguidamente hay que prepararse para la desfilada de bailes de gegants, cabezudos… Unos con mucho entusiasmo y otros con un poco de miedo esperan los diablos con su fuego (carretillas) y sobre todo los emblemáticos “drac” y águila que acompañados con los tambores de las diferentes “colles” danzan bajo el fuego alegremente, no sin llevarse algún que otro chispazos. La Festa Major de Sitges

Diablos con sus carretillas
Diablos con sus carretillas

 

 

Por la tarde se realiza la procesión cívica o de la bandera, dónde vuelven los bailes para seguir amenizando la fiesta.

"Gegants" y detrás bailes populares
«Gegants» y detrás bailes populares

 

A las 23:00h, en la playa de la Fragata disfrutaremos de un increíble espectáculo de pirotecnia, El Castillo de Fuegos, que se puede ver directamente desde la playa rodeado de un gran ambiente festivo. La Festa Major de Sitges

Camiseta customizada de una de las "colles" de grallers.
Camiseta customizada de una de las «colles» de grallers.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Castillo de Fuego

Al finalizar el Castillo de Fuegos, se celebra la Bajada de la escalera de la punta, que consiste en que los bailes populares y diablos bajan desde la iglesia hasta el paseo marítimo, dónde sigue la fiesta amenizada por algún concierto o orquesta.

El 24 de agosto las 6:00h empieza el tradicional reparto de flores a las señoras . Más tarde, se celebra la misa en honor al patrón Sant Bartomeu y al finalizar algunos con café en mano y otros con la cervecita, da inicio “la matinal” dónde se vuelve a disfrutar de los bailes y diablos. Los “castellers” también hacen su aparición.

Después de comer se realiza otra procesión y da paso a la gran y espectacular “ Encesa final”. Donde se agrupan todas las “colles”, diablos, águila, drac, “gegants” y queman las últimas carretillas con los últimos bailes. Momento colosal, con gran sentimiento por parte de los participantes y espectadores que da fin a estas fiestas. Piel de gallina.

 

Santa Tecla

La “Nit del foc” se celebra un fin de semana antes del comienzo de Santa Tecla. Al espectáculo pirotécnico con “dimonis” y “bèsties de foc” se le llama correfoc y se puede ver por las calles, Ayuntamiento, el paseo….

El look ideal para estas fiestas es un gorro o sombrero, un pañuelo anudado en nariz y boca, gafas de sol, camiseta de manga larga de fibras naturales para que no arda con las chispas y calzado cómodo para correr y bailar.

Al correfoc acuden distintas agrupaciones de “dimonis” de otras localidades vecinas.

La fiesta de Santa Tecla que se celebra entre el 22 y el 23 de septiembre es muy parecida a la de Sant Bartomeu aunque difiere en pocos aspectos. La pendonista es una mujer, la matinal que se realiza está más enfocada para niños y la cercavila se realiza solo por la tarde. Es una fiesta con menos afluencia de gente.

Me ha sorprendido mucho el sentimiento y la emoción con la que los Sitgetans viven estas fiestas. Desde la infancia, en las escuelas y en las familias se vive con gran intensidad, emoción y entrega, teniendo desde bien jóvenes un gran conocimiento y sentimiento de la La Festa Major de Sitges.

Festa Major. Iglesia de Sitges
Festa Major. Iglesia de Sitges

 

 

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